Implantation in Dentistry is a procedure during which the unnatural root is implanted into the jaw. This becomes the basis of the root of the denture. Consequently, on the implanted root the prosthesis crown is installed.
A dental implant consists of 2 parts: the implant itself and the abutment. The implant is essentially a rhizoid form screw which is made of titanium. The implant, which is made of titanium, implanted directly into the jawbone, this procedure is done under local anesthesia. The implant replaces the conventional root of the tooth, with its installation requires maximum proximity to the root of this type of arrangement, consequently implant should not lick from the gums, it is necessary that it should be surrounded by the jawbone.
Abutment and it`s installation is only allowed after the implant will be fully implanted to the bone. Traditionally you will “get use to” implant just in a few months. For the lower jaw engraftment takes about three months and for the upper jaw is about 6 months. During the healing you need to reduce the load on the jaw. During the healing you need to eat soft which does not require vigorous chewing food. Abutment is screwed to the implant. It is a link and support between jaw and the dental crown.
Implantation of the abutment and its installation (under local anesthesia) is much easier than the implantation. The materials for the abutment can be: ceramic, plastic, metal. The choice of material depends on the type and shape of the future denture and the individual characteristics of the structure of the jaws and teeth of patient.
After the installation procedure of abutment is completed it can be small inflamed gingival tissues and pain when you touch them. During this period, only meticulously care of the abutment and oral together: regularly trim with antiseptic medicine, do the rinse. After two days, in order to avoid injury tissue, it is allowed to start regular cleaning abutment with a soft toothbrush. After the abutment is set biding on average 7-14 days, during which there is a complete healing of the tissue around it, and then allowed to proceed to prosthetics.
Implantation is a surgical operation. Consequently, there are contra-indications: diseases of the circulatory system, blood disease, cancers, and diseases of central nervous system, diabetes and some dental disease.
During the implantation it doesn`t required to grind the adjacent teeth. Implantation is also permissible in the absence of a tooth.
Special technology of implantation worked fine in practice of the dentists, consequently complications are pretty rare. But we must remember that only a properly installed implant is able to serve for decades.